IODP Distinguished Researcher & International Leadership Lecture Series (DRILLS)

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IODP DRILLS BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) announces the launch of its inaugural lecture series: IODP DRILLS, the D istinguished R esearcher & I nternational L eadership L ecture S eries .

IODP DRILLS is the topical scientific lecture series to feature prominent, internationally known scientists describing scientific results derived from samples retrieved from beneath the ocean floor. DRILLS will actively engage future generations of scientists in ocean drilling, while highlighting scientific ocean drilling's major accomplishments to the scientific community and beyond.

Each DRILLS lecturer will address a primary IODP theme:

  • Deep biosphere and subseafloor ocean;
  • Environmental change, processes, and effects;
  • Solid earth cycles and geodynamics

DRILLS SPEAKERS 

Bo Barker Jørgensen
Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology,
Germany,
will tour North America and present:
The Deep Subseafloor Biosphere:
Discovering the Largest Living Community on Earth

(as delivered on March 10, 2008 at Columbia University, New York City)

Geobiological research has revealed that the extremely energy-poor environments deep beneath the ocean floor are home to a majority of all microorganisms on Earth. However, the subseafloor biosphere constitutes the least explored part of our global environment. The discovery of living organisms in ancient (40 million years old) environments has completely changed our understanding of the limits of life and its relationship with the geosphere.

Originally from Copenhagen, Bo studied biology at the University of Aarhus and was awarded a Ph.D. in 1977. He remained at the University of Aarhus for 14 years conducting research and teaching. In 1992, The German Max Planck Society invited Bo to become the founding director of a new Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen, Germany. The Institute has grown from an original research group of ten people in one department to 200 researchers in three departments. Bo has planned, organized, and coordinated national and international research programs, symposia, and workshops and has been the co-chief scientist of numerous oceanographic research cruises, including Ocean Drilling Program Leg 201 on the JOIDES Resolution . Most recently, Bo has been asked to establish a new Max Planck Center for Geomicrobiology at the University of Aarhus in 2007.


Ted Moore, Ph.D.
University of Michigan,
U.S.A.,
will tour Asia and present:
The Warm Earth We Know
as delivered May 28, 2008 to Korea Institute of Geosciences & Mineral Resources (KIGAM)

Based on studies of Earth's modern climate, we have a fairly good idea how increases in global green house gases will affect Earth's climate in the future, including higher global temperatures, rising sea level, and more intense storms. Research shows that ~50 million years ago during the Eocene, Earth experienced a "green house" climate similar to that predicted for our immediate future. Will the lessons learned from the Eocene help us to mitigate predicated changes in modern climate? This talk will describe Earth's Eocene climate as revealed by samples collected through scientific drilling and will explore it's relevance to modern issues.

Ted has a distinguished record of service to three generations of ocean drilling programs. Almost immediately after earning a Ph.D. from Scripps Institution of Oceanography in 1967, Ted began participating in scientific ocean drilling. He sailed three times with DSDP, twice with ODP, and once with IODP. His contributions to science were instrumental in developing the field of paleoceanography. Early in his career, he participated in the original CLIMAP reconstruction of glacial maximum temperatures in the Pacific Ocean. While his study areas have included the Arctic Ocean and South Atlantic, he remains partial to understanding Pacific Ocean sedimentation, stratigraphy, and paleoceanography.

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Yoshiyuki Tatsumi, Ph.D.,
Institute for Research on Earth Evolution, (IFREE),
Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology,
will tour Europe and present:
Drilling into the Memory of Earth
(as delivered on Feb. 18, 2008 at British Geological Survey, UK)

The Integrated Ocean Drilling Program offers scientists unprecedented capabilities through an equal partnership between Japan and the United States. The Japanese riser vessel is capable of drilling 7000 meters into the ocean floor, which potentially permits access to the deep crust of oceanic arcs in the search for a better understanding of how continental crust is born. The Izu-Bonin Mariana subduction factory is an ideal environment to answer scientific questions of global significance including how continental crust forms and evolves in an intra-oceanic arc setting. This talk will serve to highlight the potential of IODP in the scientific setting of an oceanic arc.

Tatsumi-san has dedicated his career to understanding how the solid earth evolves through the subduction factory. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Tokyo in 1983 then conducted research abroad at the University of Manchester before returning to Japan as a professor at Kyoto University from 1984-2000. In 2001, Tatsumi-san was invited to be the Program Director of the Institute for Research on Earth Evolution at JAMSTEC. Since the inception of the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program in 2003, Tatsumi-san has distinguished himself as a leader amongst Japanese scientists and he was recently elected to serve as on the IODP-MI Board of Governors.

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